What Did Abner Doubleday Contribute To The History Of Baseball?
Abner Doubleday has been credited as the inventor of baseball, however other sources site American baseball as having been invented by Alexander Joy Cartwright in 1845 when he established the modern baseball field as we know it in New York. An old schoolmate of Abner Doubleday wrote a letter to the national baseball panel stating that it was Doubleday who had written the rules for the game of baseball as played in 1839. At one point in time, a close friend of Abner Doubleday had informed a team of historical researchers in 1907 that he was present the day that Doubleday created the town ball game. The fact that an old, tattered, worn out baseball was discovered among the belongings of Doubleday lent credence to his friend’s claims. This ball is actually on display in Cooperstown, New York in the Baseball Hall of Fame. There is, however, evidence to the contrary. Such evidence indicates that Abner’s friend may very well have been in Cooperstown that year, but that Abner was not. He was in fact a cadet in the US Military and was in attendance at West Point, some 170 miles away from Cooperstown at the time. In addition, Abner kept diaries recording his life in detail and in none of his diaries is the term town ball or baseball ever mentioned. Further, there were mentions of the ball game in literature and historical documents well before the year 1839; in fact, in 1834, a US printed book makes mention of baseball a full five years preceding the claim of Doubleday’s alleged gaming innovation.Years later a controversy arose as to whether it was Doubleday or Cartwright that should receive the credit for inventing the game. You can learn more about Abner Doubleday's Pre-1845 contribution to the history of baseball at the History Buff website located at http://www.historybuff.com/library/refearlybase.html.
What Did Alexander Joy Cartwright Contribute To The History of Baseball?
In 1845 The National Baseball Library in Cooperstown, New York proclaimed that Alexander Cartwright created the official rules of modern baseball for amateur baseball players. In 1945, the first baseball-oriented club was established by Alexander Cartwright; he was at one time a clerk working at the New York City Union Bank in the year 1836. Later, he became an active volunteer at the Knickerbockers Engine Company Number 12. This organization was disbanded in the early 1840s. It is believed by some that Cartwright derived the name “Knickerbockers Club,” after his association with this organization. Members of the Knickerbockers Club would play scrimmage competitions with other members and they would split up into two teams of nine players to participate in baseball gaming during the afternoon. In comparing the rules of today's game with the rules written by Cartwright you will find scoring was done differently and the players actually played barehanded but most of the basic rules are very similar.
Cincinnati Red Stockings Are Credited As First Professional Team
In 1869 the Cincinnati Base Ball Club came out challenging any club that would play them. Dressed in knickerbockers and bright crimson stockings they quickly became known as the Cincinnati Red Stockings and made all of Cincinnati proud with a record of 57-0 their first year; leading the way for baseball to become America's favorite pastime.
Whether you agree that Abner Doubleday was the inventor of the game of baseball or if you are a believer that Alexander Joy Cartwright deserves the honor, both have gone down in history as founding fathers of the game. Some of the rules have changed over the years improving the game and making it even more exciting. In 1903 the American and National Leagues competed against each other in the first World Series creating more excitement in the game of baseball.